The Reichel/Pugh Southern Cross 52 BANDIDO with Uni-Titanium sails made with 100% carbon fiber.

Carbon fiber is the highest performing yarn used in sailmaking today. As shown in the chart, carbon yarns are at the top of the list in three out of four ways to measure a yarn's performance. Carbon fiber’s resistance to stretch is three times greater that S-Glass yarn, which is three times more stretch resistant than polyester yarns.

The only category where any other yarn outperforms carbon is degradation from flexing, and it is a misconception that carbon breaks down faster than other yarns. Looking at the chart again, you’ll see that carbon and aramids (the generic name for Kevlar) are rated virtually the same for flex.

Carbon, like other yarns, becomes brittle when coated or impregnated with glue. When working with carbon, sailmakers have to be careful since carbon wicks glue more than other yarns. That’s why the carbon yarns in UK Sailmakers' Titanium®, X-Drive® and Tape-Drive® sails are used dry -- without glue.

Successfully utilizing carbon in sailcloth
requires a balance of modulus (ability to

Fiber comparison chart

The Farr 40 AKELARRE with her carbon Titanium main and Uni-Titanium jib.

resist stretch), denier size (number of filaments in a yarn), and adhesive saturation (wet-out) of the filaments to optimize the advantages of the fiber. The higher the modulus number and the smaller the denier size, the more efficient the construction is regarding tensile strength and stretch resistance.  However, in real world sailing, flex and UV are the factors most critical to a sail's longevity. Although UV is not an issue with Carbon, flex of smaller filaments is a major problem. In practical use, the carbon fiber in sailcloth has slightly lower modulus, larger denier size, and less penetration of adhesive throughout, making this fiber a very reliable, durable yarn.

Carbon tapes on an X-Drive sail.

Therefore, the dry carbon yarns UK Sailmakers uses in Titanium, X-Drive and Tape-Drive sails allows us to make sails that hold their shape and deliver years of service. If you’re looking for high performance sails with the least amount of stretch that are light-weight and don't break down from UV light, have confidence that UK Sailmakers' sails made with carbon fiber are your best choice.


Catch up with the changes in the Racing Rules of Sailing by watching these free videos UK Sailmakers has been posting to its Facebook page. There are currently five videos, which are segments from seminars Butch Ulmer has given on the changes in the rules that took effect on January 1, 2017.  Many of these videos deal with the different sections of Rule 18, which is the Mark Room rule. Most protests result from situations at turning marks because that is where boats come together on the race course.

1. New Rule 18.3 

2. New Rule 18.2(d)

3. Tactical Considerations of Rule 18.3

4. Tricks for Taking a One-Turn Penalty Fastest

5. New Appendix T (Arbitration and Post Race Pentalty)

6. Preview of the UK Sailmakers Animated Rules Quiz Program

All these videos were posted previously on the UK Sailmakers Facebook page. To be notified of future posts, make sure to "like" our page. Click here to see the UK Facebook page and then click on the "like" button.


Future sailmakers proudly posing with their finished product.

Rocking the Boat is a non-profit educational program in the South Bronx that uses boat building as a way to improve the life skills of high school kids in the Bronx. Students work together to build wooden boats, learn to row and sail, restore local urban waterways, revitalize their community, all while creating better lives for themselves. As they say, "Kids don't just build boats, boats build kids." 

Students learning the art of sailmaking.

Here they are at UK Sailmakers New York, on City Island in the Bronx, with a sail they made for one of the program's 18-foot Connecticut River Drag Boats. Their boats are sailed on the Bronx River and in the waters around New York City. Along with learning how to build and sail boats, they have now learned how to make sails. For more information on Rocking the Boat, visit their website at:


Overall winner on the medium course of the Southern Straits Race was Eldin Miller-Stead's BEATS PER MINUTE, shown above with her X-Drive No. 1 that is light enough for light and strong enough to carry until No. 3 conditions. Andrew Madding Photo.

The Southern Straits Annual Yacht Race run over Easter weekend by the West Vancouver Yacht Club is a distance race with three different courses in the Salish Sea between Vancouver Island and the mainland of the Canadian Province of British Columbia. UK Sailmakers customers had some note-worthy finishes on the race’s Long and Medium courses. Fourth overall and first in Class 2 on the 138-mile Long course was the CM1200 JACK RABBIT owned by Colin Nichols. Third overall and third in Class 1 was Stuart Dahlgren's Santa Cruz 70 WESTERLY, which sailed a great duel of a race with the venerable Santa Cruz 70 NEPTUNE's CAR. WESTERLY got ahead at the start and kept her lead for 17 hours and 12 minutes, which was her elapsed time for the 138-mile race. WESTERLY's mainsail is the biggest X-Drive sail made by UK Sailmakers to date.



On the 98-mile Medium distance course, Eldin Miller-Stead's Olson 30 BEATS PER MINUTE won Division 5 and corrected to First Overall. Third in Class 5 and 7th overall on the Medium course was Steve Blaine's Hanse 400E RUBATO. Congratulations to all our customers that competed in Southern Straits Race. 

BEATS PER MINUTE sails with X-Drive upwind headsails and Dacron main for the balance of economy and durability. Both the headsails are single-sided taffeta with carbon yarns. Her No. 1 genoa was made with an LP of 149% instead of the 155%. The reason to move to a smaller headsail was that the boat is often sailed below optimum crew weight and it easy to get over powered with the full-size No. 1. The smaller headsail, built in X-Drive, is light enough to be used as a No. 1 and strong enough to be used all the way to the No. 3 range. Eldin has found no speed loss at the bottom of the range and the sail is much quicker at what would traditionally be the top of the No. 1 range. Another boost the boat’s upwind performance was adding 3 to 4 inches of rake thanks to a suggestion from the guys at UK Sailmakers in Southern California where the Olson 30s race one-design. On the downwind side of things, BEAST PER MINUTE has migrated to a retractable bowsprit with a large A2. Changing to asymmetricals has proved very quick, especially in distance racing where it is more important to be able to stay in the pressure and get to shifts instead of simply squaring back and sailing at the mark.


Three Farr 40s racing in Acapulco, Mexico: FRENCH KISS, NITEMARE and AKELARRE.

Congratulations to Antonio Luttmann and his family crew on FRENCH KISS for winning two of the three weekend races in the Farr 40 Class in Acapulco. FRENCH KISS is using a full inventory of UK Sailmakers Titanium upwind sails and S1 and S2 spinnakers built by UK Chicago. In the photo they are leading the fleet with NITEMARE in hot pursuit. Once upon a time these two boats were dueling it out at the top of the Farr 40 fleet in Chicago as ISKRA & NITEMARE with full UK inventories. Just behind NITEMARE is AKELARRE with her UK Titanium main and Uni-Titanium 1.5 Jib, both also built by UK Chicago.


  GIDDY UP with her UK Sailmakers Titanium upwind sails.

GIDDY UP with her UK Sailmakers Titanium upwind sails.

Congratulations to the Rob Halvorsen and the crew of his Farr 395 GIDDY UP for winning the 2017 Siska Trophy, which is Western Australia’s top Offshore prize. The late Rolly Tasker rededicated the Siska Trophy in 1988, to be awarded annually to the most outstanding yacht in the Western Australian Offshore Yacht Racing Series and is awarded to the top scoring yacht in the Blue Water Championship on IRC.


  Click the image to see the features of the Rules Quiz program.

Click the image to see the features of the Rules Quiz program.

UK Sailmakers' rules guru Butch always says that a good working knowledge of the rules will earn you places at major regattas. To help sailors learn the racing rules of sailing, which are not easily learned by reading the rule book, UK Sailmakers has created an animated program that makes the learning process easier. This video shows some of the tools and techniques for teaching the rules you'll find in our program, which sells for $55 at the UK Sailmakers online store:


  Dalton Tebo (left) and Ken Tebo

Dalton Tebo (left) and Ken Tebo

UK Sailmakers raised the bar for sailmaking and service when UK Sailmakers’ Sarasota was purchased by the father-son duo of Ken and Dalton Tebo. This acquisition has already breathed new life into the western Florida sailmaking community.

The purchase of the loft by the Tebos reflects their shared passion for the sport of sailing combined with their desire to provide superior quality sailmaking and service support to northern Florida. The senior Tebo, Ken, has spent his life sailing all over the eastern U.S. and the Caribbean participating in many of the area’s major races. Now, when he’s away from the loft, he sails recreationally for relaxation and fun.

A well-known area sailor, the younger Tebo, Dalton, is a different story. Born and raised in Florida, Dalton’s passion for sailing began at the young age of 10 when he immediately fell in love with the sport. And while Ken is cruising, Dalton still has racing in his blood. He races both nationally and internationally having competed in multiple St. Barths Cata-Cups and F18 World Championships, the Tybee 500,  Great Texas 300 and of course, the Florida 300! Oh, yes, at the age of 14 he also won the Sears Cup national junior sailing trophy. Dalton gained his sailmaking expertise working in lofts making, repairing, and evaluating sails and providing advice to help customers order the right sail for their particular sailing needs. Outside the loft, Dalton shares his enthusiasm for sailing by instructing and coaching through the Sarasota Youth Sailing Program and providing private sailing lessons to youth and adult sailors.

“Dalton and I are excited to be working together,” noted Ken Tebo. “We are not just selling sails; rather we’re bringing our customers the benefit of the sailing and sailmaking knowledge that we and our experienced loft staff share. At UK Sailmakers Sarasota we believe in building customer loyalty by providing a full-service loft, providing sound advice and guidance, and doing so in a professional atmosphere.”

“Our staff is great!’ added Dalton Tebo. “Because of their years of experience we can offer fabrication of new sails and repairs along with custom canvas work and expert rigging. We work to determine the best way to make the repair and, for custom canvas customers, we take the time to work with customers so we can fabricate pieces that exceed their expectations.”

Whether a day sailor, cruiser or racer, on lakes, the Intra-Coastal, Gulf or across oceans, UK Sarasota’s experienced staff is available to provide you with well designed, durable performance cruising and racing sails accompanied by superior service and support.

UK Sailmakers Sarasota can repair and service all makes of sails and can make arrangements to pick-up and deliver sails throughout North Florida—from Punta Gorda to Melbourne, Jacksonville to the Panhandle. 


Sometimes you race; sometimes you prefer to cruise. With UK Sailmakers’ X-DRIVE® sails you can enjoy both without the hassle of changing sails and, importantly, without having to raid the kids' college fund or your 401k.  X-Drive sails are the latest evolution in loadpath sails made using hundreds of continuous, high-strength, single-yarn tapes. Those tapes are spread across the sail’s laminate in patterns that allow the sail to retain it shape and last longer.

UK's Butch Ulmer says, "I have no hesitation telling customers to expect four winning seasons from X-Drive sails. In terms of structural integrity, with a single layer of taffeta and annual service check-ups, you're looking at 8-plus seasons of use. For the serious PHRF or club racer, I know of no longer lasting sail construction that's also kind to one's wallet."  Click here for more information.


To help sailors learn the racing rules of sailing, which are not necessarily that easy to learn by simply reading the rule book, UK Sailmakers has created an animated program that makes the learning process easier, more effective, and fun. UK Sailmakers’ animated Rules Quiz Program is the easiest way to learn the racing rules. Each quiz animates the movement of boats as they enter a rules situation, letting you speculate “what happened and who was right?” The Program’s tools let you apply overlap lines, the zone, and one-boatlength grids making it clear what happened and why.

The animation can be stopped or replayed allowing you to focus on specific parts of the action. Answers are written in a protest committee’s decision format: “Facts Found” and "Rules That Apply." UK adds links to applicable rules and definitions. The program sells for $55 and is available at the UK Sailmakers online store at: